Hologenome analysis of two marine sponges with different microbiomes
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AuthorsRyu, Tae Woo
Liew, Yi Jin
Mavromatis, Charalampos Harris
Lafi, Feras Fawzi
Alzahrani, Majed A.
Schunter, Celia Marei
Berumen, Michael L.
Voolstra, Christian R.
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Center for Desert Agriculture
Computational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC)
Computer Science Program
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Desert Agriculture Initiative
Imaging and Characterization Core Lab
KAUST Environmental Epigenetic Program (KEEP)
Marine Science Program
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Online Publication Date2016-02-29
Print Publication Date2016-12
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/600476
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AbstractBackground Sponges (Porifera) harbor distinct microbial consortia within their mesohyl interior. We herein analysed the hologenomes of Stylissa carteri and Xestospongia testudinaria, which notably differ in their microbiome content. Results Our analysis revealed that S. carteri has an expanded repertoire of immunological domains, specifically Scavenger Receptor Cysteine-Rich (SRCR)-like domains, compared to X. testudinaria. On the microbial side, metatranscriptome analyses revealed an overrepresentation of potential symbiosis-related domains in X. testudinaria. Conclusions Our findings provide genomic insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying host-symbiont coevolution and may serve as a roadmap for future hologenome analyses.
CitationHologenome analysis of two marine sponges with different microbiomes 2016, 17 (1) BMC Genomics
SponsorsThis work was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. LMS was supported by a grant of the German Excellence Initiative to the Graduate School of Life Sciences, University of Wuerzburg. We thank the KAUST Core Lab for performing the sequencing and assisting with the genome-size analysis. We acknowledge Till Rothig (KAUST) for contributing to the sponge sample collection, Christine Gernert (University of Wurzburg) for assisting with the TEM analysis, and Sebastian Fraune (University of Kiel) for reading the manuscript critically. We also thank several anonymous reviewers for constructive comments.
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CollectionsArticles; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Bioscience Program; Marine Science Program; Imaging and Characterization Core Lab; Computer Science Program; Computational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC); Desert Agriculture Initiative; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division; Reef Genomics, part of the Global Ocean Genome Project
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