Modeling and simulations for molecular scale hydrodynamics of the moving contact line in immiscible two-phase flows
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AbstractThis paper starts with an introduction to the Onsager principle of minimum energy dissipation which governs the optimal paths of deviation and restoration to equilibrium. Then there is a review of the variational approach to moving contact line hydrodynamics. To demonstrate the validity of our continuum hydrodynamic model, numerical results from model calculations and molecular dynamics simulations are presented for immiscible Couette and Poiseuille flows past homogeneous solid surfaces, with remarkable overall agreement. Our continuum model is also used to study the contact line motion on surfaces patterned with stripes of different contact angles (i.e. surfaces of varying wettability). Continuum calculations predict the stick-slip motion for contact lines moving along these patterned surfaces, in quantitative agreement with molecular dynamics simulation results. This periodic motion is tunable through pattern period (geometry) and contrast in wetting property (chemistry). The consequence of stick-slip contact line motion on energy dissipation is discussed. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd.
CitationQian T, Wu C, Lei SL, Wang X-P, Sheng P (2009) Modeling and simulations for molecular scale hydrodynamics of the moving contact line in immiscible two-phase flows. J Phys: Condens Matter 21: 464119. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/21/46/464119.
SponsorsThis work was supported by the Hong Kong RGC grants CA05/06. SC01 and HKUST 602007 and the Croucher Foundation Grant Z0138.
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