The effect of anneal, solar irradiation and humidity on the adhesion/cohesion properties of P3HT:PCBM based inverted polymer solar cells

Type
Conference Paper

Authors
Dupont, Stephanie R.
Voroshazi, Eszter
Heremans, Paul
Dauskardt, Reinhold H.

KAUST Grant Number
KUS-C1–015-21

Date
2012-06

Abstract
We use a thin-film adhesion technique that enables us to precisely measure the energy required to separate adjacent layers in OPV cells. We demonstrate the presence of weak interfaces in prototypical inverted polymer solar cells, either prepared by spin, spray or slot-die coating, including flexible and non flexible solar cells. In all cases, we observed adhesive failure at P3HT:PCBM/PEDOT:PSS interface, indicating the intrinsic material dependence of this mechanism. The impact of temperature, solar irradiation and humidity on the adhesion and cohesion properties of this particular interface is discussed. First, we have found that post-deposition annealing increases the adhesion significantly. Annealing changes the morphology in the photoactive layer and consequently alters the chemical properties at the interface. Second, solar irradiation on fully encapsulated solar cells has no damaging but in contrast an enhancing effect on the adhesion properties, due to the heat generated from IR radiation. Finally, the synergetic effect of stress and an environmental species like moisture greatly accelerates the decohesion rate in the weak hygroscopic PEDOT:PSS layer. This results in a loss of mechanical integrity and device performance. The insight into the mechanisms of delamination and decohesion yields general guidelines for the design of more reliable organic electronic devices. © 2012 IEEE.

Citation
Dupont SR, Voroshazi E, Heremans P, Dauskardt RH (2012) The effect of anneal, solar irradiation and humidity on the adhesion/cohesion properties of P3HT:PCBM based inverted polymer solar cells. 2012 38th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/pvsc.2012.6318272.

Acknowledgements
We acknowledge C. Girotto for his assistance with the spray-coated sample preparation. This research was supported by the Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics (CAMP) supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under award no. KUS-C1–015-21.

Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Journal
2012 38th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference

DOI
10.1109/pvsc.2012.6318272

Permanent link to this record