Tethered Nanoparticle–Polymer Composites: Phase Stability and Curvature
KAUST Grant NumberKUS-C1-018-02
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AbstractPhase behavior of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) tethered silica nanoparticles dispersed in PEG hosts is investigated using small-angle X-ray scattering. Phase separation in dispersions of densely grafted nanoparticles is found to display strikingly different small-angle X-ray scattering signatures in comparison to phase-separated composites comprised of bare or sparsely grafted nanoparticles. A general diagram for the dispersion state and phase stability of polymer tethered nanoparticle-polymer composites incorporating results from this as well as various other contemporary studies is presented. We show that in the range of moderate to high grafting densities the dispersion state of nanoparticles in composites is largely insensitive to the grafting density of the tethered chains and chemistry of the polymer host. Instead, the ratio of the particle diameter to the size of the tethered chain and the ratio of the molecular weights of the host and tethered polymer chains (P/N) are shown to play a dominant role. Additionally, we find that well-functionalized nanoparticles form stable dispersions in their polymer host beyond the P/N limit that demarcates the wetting/dewetting transition in polymer brushes on flat substrates interacting with polymer melts. A general strategy for achieving uniform nanoparticle dispersion in polymers is proposed. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
CitationSrivastava S, Agarwal P, Archer LA (2012) Tethered Nanoparticle–Polymer Composites: Phase Stability and Curvature. Langmuir 28: 6276–6281. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la2049234.
SponsorsThis publication was based on work supported in part by Award KUS-C1-018-02, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and by the National Science Foundation, Award DMR-1006323. Facilities available through the Cornell Center for Materials Research (CCMR) were used for this study.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
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- Effect of the number and placement of polymer tethers on the structure of concentrated solutions and melts of hybrid nanoparticles.
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