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dc.contributor.authorWu, Hui
dc.contributor.authorChan, Gerentt
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Jang Wook
dc.contributor.authorRyu, Ill
dc.contributor.authorYao, Yan
dc.contributor.authorMcDowell, Matthew T.
dc.contributor.authorLee, Seok Woo
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Ariel
dc.contributor.authorYang, Yuan
dc.contributor.authorHu, Liangbing
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yi
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T06:08:14Z
dc.date.available2016-02-28T06:08:14Z
dc.date.issued2012-03-25
dc.identifier.citationWu H, Chan G, Choi JW, Ryu I, Yao Y, et al. (2012) Stable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid–electrolyte interphase control. Nature Nanotechnology 7: 310–315. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NNANO.2012.35.
dc.identifier.issn1748-3387
dc.identifier.issn1748-3395
dc.identifier.pmid22447161
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/NNANO.2012.35
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599718
dc.description.abstractAlthough the performance of lithium ion-batteries continues to improve, their energy density and cycle life remain insufficient for applications in consumer electronics, transport and large-scale renewable energy storage 1-5. Silicon has a large charge storage capacity and this makes it an attractive anode material, but pulverization during cycling and an unstable solid-electrolyte interphase has limited the cycle life of silicon anodes to hundreds of cycles 6-11. Here, we show that anodes consisting of an active silicon nanotube surrounded by an ion-permeable silicon oxide shell can cycle over 6,000 times in half cells while retaining more than 85% of their initial capacity. The outer surface of the silicon nanotube is prevented from expansion by the oxide shell, and the expanding inner surface is not exposed to the electrolyte, resulting in a stable solid-electrolyte interphase. Batteries containing these double-walled silicon nanotube anodes exhibit charge capacities approximately eight times larger than conventional carbon anodes and charging rates of up to 20C (a rate of 1C corresponds to complete charge or discharge in one hour). © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was partially supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Vehicle Technologies of the US Department of Energy (contract no. DE-AC02-05CH11231), and the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program (subcontract no. 6951379). This work is also partially supported by the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory LDRD project. Y.C. acknowledges support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator Award (no. KUS-l1-001-12). G.C. acknowledges support from the Agency of Science, Technology and Research Singapore (A<SUP>star</SUP>STAR) National Science Scholarship. M.T.M. acknowledges support from the Stanford Graduate Fellowship, the National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship and the National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.titleStable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid–electrolyte interphase control
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalNature Nanotechnology
dc.contributor.institutionStanford University, Palo Alto, United States
dc.contributor.institutionStanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, United States
dc.contributor.institutionKorea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology, Yusong, South Korea
kaust.grant.numberKUS-l1-001-12


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