Spiral multiple-effect diffusion solar still coupled with vacuum-tube collector and heat pipe

Type
Article

Authors
Huang, Bin-Juine
Chong, Tze-Ling
Wu, Po-Hsien
Dai, Han-Yi
Kao, Yeong-Chuan

KAUST Grant Number
KUK-C1-014-12

Date
2015-04

Abstract
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. A novel solar still with spiral-shape multiple-effect diffusion unit is developed in the present study. The test results of a 14-effect unit coupled with vacuum-tube solar collector (absorber area 1.08m2) show that the highest daily pure water production is 40.6kgd-1. The measured highest productivity based on the area of glass cover, solar absorber, and evaporating surface is 34.7, 40.6, and 7.96kgm-2d-1, respectively, which are much higher than the published results. The measured solar distillation efficiency is 2.0-3.5. The performance enhancement results mainly from the lateral diffusion process in the spiraled still cell. The vapor flow generated by heat input can flow freely and laterally through the spiral channel down to the end when solar heat input is high. Besides, the larger evaporating and condensing area at the outer cell may increase heat and mass transfer at the outer cell.

Citation
Huang B-J, Chong T-L, Wu P-H, Dai H-Y, Kao Y-C (2015) Spiral multiple-effect diffusion solar still coupled with vacuum-tube collector and heat pipe. Desalination 362: 74–83. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2015.02.011.

Acknowledgements
This publication is based on work supported by Award No. KUK-C1-014-12, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia, and by Grant No. NSC101-2221-E-002-067-MY2, Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan.

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Desalination

DOI
10.1016/j.desal.2015.02.011

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