Reassessing the role of sulfur geochemistry on arsenic speciation in reducing environments

Type
Article

Authors
Couture, Raoul-Marie
Van Cappellen, Philippe

KAUST Grant Number
KUK-C1-017-12

Date
2011-05

Abstract
Recent evidence suggests that the oxidation of arsenite by zero-valent sulfur (S(0)) may produce stable aqueous arsenate species under highly reducing conditions. The speciation of arsenic (As) in reducing soils, sediments and aquifers may therefore be far more complex than previously thought. We illustrate this by presenting updated Eh-pH diagrams of As speciation in sulfidic waters that include the most recently reported formation constants for sulfide complexes of As(III) and As(V). The results show that the stability fields of As(III) and As(V) (oxy)thioanions cover a large pH range, from pH 5 to 10. In particular, As(V)-S(-II) complexes significantly enhance the predicted solubility of As under reducing conditions. Equilibrium calculations further show that, under conditions representative of sulfidic pore waters and in the presence of solid-phase elemental sulfur, the S0 (aq)/HS- couple yields a redox potential (Eh)~0.1V higher than the SO4 2-/HS- couple. S(0) may thus help stabilize aqueous As(V) not only by providing an electron acceptor for As(III) but also by contributing to a more oxidizing redox state. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Citation
Couture R-M, Van Cappellen P (2011) Reassessing the role of sulfur geochemistry on arsenic speciation in reducing environments. Journal of Hazardous Materials 189: 647–652. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.02.029.

Acknowledgements
We thank A. Tessier (INRS-ETE, University of Québec), Douglas E. LaRowe (Georgia Institute of Technology) and four anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions, which helped to improve the manuscript, and K. Mueller for editing the manuscript. R.-M. C. was financially supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from the Fonds québecois de recherche sur la nature et les technologies (FQRNT). This work was also supported in part by the Center for Soil, Water and Coastal Resources (SOWACOR), Award No. KUK-C1-017-12, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Journal of Hazardous Materials

DOI
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.02.029

PubMed ID
21382662

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