Powering microbial electrolysis cells by capacitor circuits charged using microbial fuel cell

Type
Article

Authors
Hatzell, Marta C.
Kim, Younggy
Logan, Bruce E.

KAUST Grant Number
KUS-I1-003-13

Date
2013-05

Abstract
A microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) was powered by a capacitor based energy storage circuit using energy from a microbial fuel cell (MFC) to increase MEC hydrogen production rates compared to that possible by the MFC alone. To prevent voltage reversal, MFCs charged the capacitors in a parallel configuration, and then the capacitors were discharged in series to boost the voltage that was used to power the MECs. The optimal capacitance for charging was found to be ∼0.01 F for each MFC. The use of the capacitor charging system increased energy recoveries from 9 to 13%, and hydrogen production rates increased from 0.31 to 0.72 m3 m-3-day-1, compared to coupled systems without capacitors. The circuit efficiency (the ratio of the energy that was discharged to the MEC to the energy provided to the capacitor from the MFCs) was ∼90%. These results provide an improved method for linking MFCs to MECs for renewable hydrogen gas production. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation
Hatzell MC, Kim Y, Logan BE (2013) Powering microbial electrolysis cells by capacitor circuits charged using microbial fuel cell. Journal of Power Sources 229: 198–202. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.12.006.

Acknowledgements
This research was supported by funding through the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (Award KUS-I1-003-13), and by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program.

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Journal of Power Sources

DOI
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.12.006

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