Phosphate recovery as struvite within a single chamber microbial electrolysis cell
KAUST Grant NumberKUS-I1-003-13
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599180
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AbstractAn energy efficient method of concurrent hydrogen gas and struvite (MgNH 4PO 4·6H 2O) production was investigated based on bioelectrochemically driven struvite crystallization at the cathode of a single chamber microbial electrolysis struvite-precipitation cell (MESC). The MESC cathodes were either stainless steel 304 mesh or flat plates. Phosphate removal ranged from 20% to 40%, with higher removals obtained using mesh cathodes than with flat plates. Cathode accumulated crystals were verified as struvite using a scanning electron microscope capable of energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). Crystal accumulation did not affect the rate of hydrogen production in struvite reactors. The rate of struvite crystallization (g/m 2-h) and hydrogen production (m 3/m 3-d) were shown to be dependent on applied voltage and cathode material. Overall energy efficiencies (substrate and electricity) were high (73±4%) and not dependent on applied voltage. These results show that MESCs may be useful both as a method for hydrogen gas and struvite production. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
CitationCusick RD, Logan BE (2012) Phosphate recovery as struvite within a single chamber microbial electrolysis cell. Bioresource Technology 107: 110–115. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.12.038.
SponsorsThis research was supported by Award KUS-I1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
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- Authors: Cusick RD, Ullery ML, Dempsey BA, Logan BE
- Issue date: 2014 May 1
- Concurrent hydrogen production and phosphorus recovery in dual chamber microbial electrolysis cell.
- Authors: Almatouq A, Babatunde AO
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- Recycle of electrolytically dissolved struvite as an alternative to enhance phosphate and nitrogen recovery from swine wastewater.
- Authors: Liu Y, Kumar S, Kwag J, Kim J, Kim J, Ra C
- Issue date: 2011 Nov 15
- An economic evaluation of phosphorus recovery as struvite from digester supernatant.
- Authors: Shu L, Schneider P, Jegatheesan V, Johnson J
- Issue date: 2006 Nov
- High surface area stainless steel brushes as cathodes in microbial electrolysis cells.
- Authors: Call DF, Merrill MD, Logan BE
- Issue date: 2009 Mar 15