Optimization of membrane stack configuration for efficient hydrogen production in microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis cells coupled with thermolytic solutions
KAUST Grant NumberKUS-I1-003-13
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AbstractWaste heat can be captured as electrical energy to drive hydrogen evolution in microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis cells (MRECs) by using thermolytic solutions such as ammonium bicarbonate. To determine the optimal membrane stack configuration for efficient hydrogen production in MRECs using ammonium bicarbonate solutions, different numbers of cell pairs and stack arrangements were tested. The optimum number of cell pairs was determined to be five based on MREC performance and a desire to minimize capital costs. The stack arrangement was altered by placing an extra low concentration chamber adjacent to anode chamber to reduce ammonia crossover. This additional chamber decreased ammonia nitrogen losses into anolyte by 60%, increased the coulombic efficiency to 83%, and improved the hydrogen yield to a maximum of 3.5mol H2/mol acetate, with an overall energy efficiency of 27%. These results improve the MREC process, making it a more efficient method for renewable hydrogen gas production. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
CitationLuo X, Nam J-Y, Zhang F, Zhang X, Liang P, et al. (2013) Optimization of membrane stack configuration for efficient hydrogen production in microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis cells coupled with thermolytic solutions. Bioresource Technology 140: 399–405. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.04.097.
SponsorsThis research was supported by Award KUS-I1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863 Program) (No. 2011AA060907) and a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council (CSC).
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
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