Microbial electrolysis desalination and chemical-production cell for CO2 sequestration
KAUST Grant NumberKUS-I1-003-13
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AbstractMineral carbonation can be used for CO2 sequestration, but the reaction rate is slow. In order to accelerate mineral carbonation, acid generated in a microbial electrolysis desalination and chemical-production cell (MEDCC) was examined to dissolve natural minerals rich in magnesium/calcium silicates (serpentine), and the alkali generated by the same process was used to absorb CO2 and precipitate magnesium/calcium carbonates. The concentrations of Mg2+ and Ca2+ dissolved from serpentine increased 20 and 145 times by using the acid solution. Under optimal conditions, 24mg of CO2 was absorbed into the alkaline solution and 13mg of CO2 was precipitated as magnesium/calcium carbonates over a fed-batch cycle (24h). Additionally, the MEDCC removed 94% of the COD (initially 822mg/L) and achieved 22% desalination (initially 35g/L NaCl). These results demonstrate the viability of this process for effective CO2 sequestration using renewable organic matter and natural minerals. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
CitationZhu X, Logan BE (2014) Microbial electrolysis desalination and chemical-production cell for CO2 sequestration. Bioresource Technology 159: 24–29. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.02.062.
SponsorsThe authors acknowledge support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) by Award KUS-I1-003-13. The authors would also like to thank Dr. George Alexander from the Department of Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering, Penn State University, for providing natural minerals.
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
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- Microbial Reverse-Electrodialysis Electrolysis and Chemical-Production Cell for H<sub>2</sub> Production and CO<sub>2</sub> Sequestration.
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- Direct electrolytic dissolution of silicate minerals for air CO2 mitigation and carbon-negative H2 production.
- Authors: Rau GH, Carroll SA, Bourcier WL, Singleton MJ, Smith MM, Aines RD
- Issue date: 2013 Jun 18
- Concurrent desalination and hydrogen generation using microbial electrolysis and desalination cells.
- Authors: Luo H, Jenkins PE, Ren Z
- Issue date: 2011 Jan 1