Infrared Colloidal Quantum Dots for Photovoltaics: Fundamentals and Recent Progress
KAUST Grant NumberKUS-I1-009-21
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AbstractColloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are solution-processed semiconductors of interest in low-cost photovoltaics. Tuning of the bandgap of CQD films via the quantum size effect enables customization of solar cells' absorption profile to match the sun's broad visible- and infrared-containing spectrum reaching the earth. Here we review recent progress in the realization of low-cost, efficient solar cells based on CQDs. We focus in particular on CQD materials and approaches that provide both infrared and visible-wavelength solar power conversion CQD photovoltaics now exceed 5% solar power conversion efficiency, achieved by the introduction of a new architecture, the depleted-heterojunction CQD solar cell, that jointly maximizes current, voltage, and fill factor. CQD solar cells have also seen major progress in materials processing for stability, recently achieving extended operating lifetimes in an air ambient. We summarize progress both in device operation and also in gaining new insights into materials properties and processing - including new electrical contact materials and deposition techniques, as well as CQD synthesis, surface treatments, film-forming technologies - that underpin these rapid advances. Infrared colloidal quantum dots that absorb most of the solar radiation enable potential efficient and low-cost photovoltaic devices. Careful optimization of quantum dot passivation and device configuration leads to solar cells with AM1.5G efficiency as high as 5.1% Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
CitationTang J, Sargent EH (2010) Infrared Colloidal Quantum Dots for Photovoltaics: Fundamentals and Recent Progress. Advanced Materials 23: 12–29. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201001491.
SponsorsThis publication was based on work supported in part by Award No. KUS-I1-009-21, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). J. Tang thanks Dr. Ratan Debnath, Dr. Huan Liu, Dr. Xihua Wang and Steven Huang for their kind help during the course of manuscript preparation.
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
- Depleted-heterojunction colloidal quantum dot solar cells.
- Authors: Pattantyus-Abraham AG, Kramer IJ, Barkhouse AR, Wang X, Konstantatos G, Debnath R, Levina L, Raabe I, Nazeeruddin MK, Grätzel M, Sargent EH
- Issue date: 2010 Jun 22
- Efficient, stable infrared photovoltaics based on solution-cast colloidal quantum dots.
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- Issue date: 2008 May
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- Issue date: 2012 Jan 24
- Colloidal quantum dot photovoltaics: a path forward.
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- Issue date: 2011 Nov 22
- The donor-supply electrode enhances performance in colloidal quantum dot solar cells.
- Authors: Maraghechi P, Labelle AJ, Kirmani AR, Lan X, Adachi MM, Thon SM, Hoogland S, Lee A, Ning Z, Fischer A, Amassian A, Sargent EH
- Issue date: 2013 Jul 23