Improving the Performance of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries by Conductive Polymer Coating
KAUST Grant NumberKUS-I1-001-12
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AbstractRechargeable lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries hold great potential for next-generation high-performance energy storage systems because of their high theoretical specific energy, low materials cost, and environmental safety. One of the major obstacles for its commercialization is the rapid capacity fading due to polysulfide dissolution and uncontrolled redeposition. Various porous carbon structures have been used to improve the performance of Li-S batteries, as polysulfides could be trapped inside the carbon matrix. However, polysulfides still diffuse out for a prolonged time if there is no effective capping layer surrounding the carbon/sulfur particles. Here we explore the application of conducting polymer to minimize the diffusion of polysulfides out of the mesoporous carbon matrix by coating poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)- poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) onto mesoporous carbon/sulfur particles. After surface coating, coulomb efficiency of the sulfur electrode was improved from 93% to 97%, and capacity decay was reduced from 40%/100 cycles to 15%/100 cycles. Moreover, the discharge capacity with the polymer coating was ∼10% higher than the bare counterpart, with an initial discharge capacity of 1140 mAh/g and a stable discharge capacity of >600 mAh/g after 150 cycles at C/5 rate. We believe that this conductive polymer coating method represents an exciting direction for enhancing the device performance of Li-S batteries and can be applicable to other electrode materials in lithium ion batteries. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
CitationYang Y, Yu G, Cha JJ, Wu H, Vosgueritchian M, et al. (2011) Improving the Performance of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries by Conductive Polymer Coating. ACS Nano 5: 9187–9193. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nn203436j.
SponsorsY.Y. acknowledges support from a Stanford Graduate Fellowship. Y.C. and Z.B. acknowledge the funding support from the Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford University. Y.C. also acknowledges the funding support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator Award (No. KUS-I1-001-12). A portion of this work was supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515 through the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory LDRD project.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
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