Long-term panmixia in a cosmopolitan Indo-Pacific coral reef fish and a nebulous genetic boundary with its broadly sympatric sister species
AbstractPhylogeographical studies have shown that some shallow-water marine organisms, such as certain coral reef fishes, lack spatial population structure at oceanic scales, despite vast distances of pelagic habitat between reefs and other dispersal barriers. However, whether these dispersive widespread taxa constitute long-term panmictic populations across their species ranges remains unknown. Conventional phylogeographical inferences frequently fail to distinguish between long-term panmixia and metapopulations connected by gene flow. Moreover, marine organisms have notoriously large effective population sizes that confound population structure detection. Therefore, at what spatial scale marine populations experience independent evolutionary trajectories and ultimately species divergence is still unclear. Here, we present a phylogeographical study of a cosmopolitan Indo-Pacific coral reef fish Naso hexacanthus and its sister species Naso caesius, using two mtDNA and two nDNA markers. The purpose of this study was two-fold: first, to test for broad-scale panmixia in N. hexacanthus by fitting the data to various phylogeographical models within a Bayesian statistical framework, and second, to explore patterns of genetic divergence between the two broadly sympatric species. We report that N. hexacanthus shows little population structure across the Indo-Pacific and a range-wide, long-term panmictic population model best fit the data. Hence, this species presently comprises a single evolutionary unit across much of the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans. Naso hexacanthus and N. caesius were not reciprocally monophyletic in the mtDNA markers but showed varying degrees of population level divergence in the two nuclear introns. Overall, patterns are consistent with secondary introgression following a period of isolation, which may be attributed to oceanographic conditions of the mid to late Pleistocene, when these two species appear to have diverged. © 2013 The Authors. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2013 European Society For Evolutionary Biology.
CitationHorne JB, van Herwerden L (2013) Long-term panmixia in a cosmopolitan Indo-Pacific coral reef fish and a nebulous genetic boundary with its broadly sympatric sister species. J Evol Biol 26: 783–799. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeb.12092.
SponsorsFunding for this research was made possible in part by a graduate research grant from James Cook University awarded to JBH. The following people are acknowledged for their contribution of genetics samples of N. hexacanthus and N. caesius: J.H. Choat, J.P. Hobbs, D.R. Robertson, W.D. Robbins, J. Ackerman, M. Berumen, R. Abesamis and L. Chen. We acknowledge support from Blanche Danastas and the James Cook University molecular ecology and evolution lab. Special thanks to John E. Randall for photographs of Naso hexacanthus and Naso caesius. The authors further acknowledge funding and logistic support from the National Geographical Society, the Queensland Government/Smithsonian Institution Collaborative Research Program on Reef Fishes, the Seychelles Fishing Authority, Cocos Keeling and Christmas Island National Parks Department of Environment and Heritage Australia, the Australian Institute of Marine Science, the Lizard Island Research Station, Silliman University Philippines, the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia, the National Museum of Taiwan and the James Cook University internal funding scheme. The work was carried out under James Cook University Ethics Approval No. A503.
JournalJournal of Evolutionary Biology
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
- High population connectivity across the Indo-Pacific: Congruent lack of phylogeographic structure in three reef fish congeners.
- Authors: Horne JB, van Herwerden L, Choat JH, Robertson DR
- Issue date: 2008 Nov
- Global phylogeography of the dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus): the influence of large effective population size and recent dispersal on the divergence of a marine pelagic cosmopolitan species.
- Authors: Díaz-Jaimes P, Uribe-Alcocer M, Rocha-Olivares A, García-de-León FJ, Nortmoon P, Durand JD
- Issue date: 2010 Dec
- Phylogeography of two closely related Indo-Pacific butterflyfishes reveals divergent evolutionary histories and discordant results from mtDNA and microsatellites.
- Authors: DiBattista JD, Rocha LA, Craig MT, Feldheim KA, Bowen BW
- Issue date: 2012 Sep-Oct
- Pleistocene isolation and recent gene flow in Haliotis asinina, an Indo-Pacific vetigastropod with limited dispersal capacity.
- Authors: Imron, Jeffrey B, Hale P, Degnan BM, Degnan SM
- Issue date: 2007 Jan
- Stretched to the limit; can a short pelagic larval duration connect adult populations of an Indo-Pacific diadromous fish (Kuhlia rupestris)?
- Authors: Feutry P, Vergnes A, Broderick D, Lambourdière J, Keith P, Ovenden JR
- Issue date: 2013 Mar