Effect of polymers on the nanostructure and on the carbonation of calcium silicate hydrates: a scanning transmission X-ray microscopy study

Type
Article

Authors
Ha, J.
Chae, S.
Chou, K. W.
Tyliszczak, T.
Monteiro, P. J. M.

KAUST Grant Number
KUS-11-004021

Online Publication Date
2011-09-07

Print Publication Date
2012-01

Date
2011-09-07

Abstract
This study investigated the effects of organic polymers (polyethylene glycol and hexadecyltrimethylammonium) on structures of calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H) which is the major product of Portland cement hydration. Increased surface areas and expansion of layers were observed for all organic polymer modified C-S-H. The results from attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopic measurements also suggest lowered water contents in the layered structures for the C-S-H samples that are modified by organic polymers. Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) results further supports this observation. We also observed difference in the extent of C-S-H carbonation due to the presence of organic polymers. No calcite formed in the presence of HDTMA whereas formation of calcite was observed with C-S-H sample modified with PEG. We suggest that the difference in the carbonation reaction is possibly due to the ease of penetration and diffusion of the CO 2. This observation suggests that CO 2 reaction strongly depends on the presence of organic polymers and the types of organic polymers incorporated within the C-S-H structure. This is the first comprehensive study using STXM to quantitatively characterize the level of heterogeneity in cementitious materials at high spatial and spectral resolutions. The results from BET, XRD, ATR-FTIR, and STXM measurements are consistent and suggest that C-S-H layer structures are significantly modified due to the presence of organic polymers, and that the chemical composition and structural differences among the organic polymers determine the extent of the changes in the C-S-H nanostructures as well as the extent of carbonation reaction. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Citation
Ha J, Chae S, Chou KW, Tyliszczak T, Monteiro PJM (2011) Effect of polymers on the nanostructure and on the carbonation of calcium silicate hydrates: a scanning transmission X-ray microscopy study. Journal of Materials Science 47: 976–989. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10853-011-5877-x.

Acknowledgements
This publication was based on study supported in part by Award No. KUS-11-004021, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). We also wish to acknowledge Professor Wenk at University of California Berkeley who helped us prepare STXM samples and Timothy Teague at University of California Berkeley with his help on sample preparation. We also thank McMaster University in Canada for sharing the sample synthesis and methods as well as A. P. Hitchcock at McMaster University for helpful insights and comments on our experiments. The Advanced Light Source is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231

Publisher
Springer Nature

Journal
Journal of Materials Science

DOI
10.1007/s10853-011-5877-x

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