Data Assimilation by Conditioning of Driving Noise on Future Observations
KAUST Grant NumberKUK-C1-013-04
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AbstractConventional recursive filtering approaches, designed for quantifying the state of an evolving stochastic dynamical system with intermittent observations, use a sequence of i) an uncertainty propagation step followed by ii) a step where the associated data is assimilated using Bayes' rule. Alternatively, the order of the steps can be switched to i) one step ahead data assimilation followed by ii) uncertainty propagation. In this paper, we apply this smoothing-based sequential filter to systems driven by random noise, however with the conditioning on future observation not only to the system variable but to the driving noise. Our research reveals that, for the nonlinear filtering problem, the conditioned driving noise is biased by a nonzero mean and in turn pushes forward the filtering solution in time closer to the true state when it drives the system. As a result our proposed method can yield a more accurate approximate solution for the state estimation problem. © 1991-2012 IEEE.
CitationLee W, Farmer C (2014) Data Assimilation by Conditioning of Driving Noise on Future Observations. IEEE Trans Signal Process 62: 3887–3896. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSP.2014.2330807.
SponsorsThis work was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Award No. KUK-C1-013-04.