CO 2 Capture from Dilute Gases as a Component of Modern Global Carbon Management
AbstractThe growing atmospheric CO2 concentration and its impact on climate have motivated widespread research and development aimed at slowing or stemming anthropogenic carbon emissions. Technologies for carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) employing mass separating agents that extract and purify CO2 from flue gas emanating from large point sources such as fossil fuel-fired electricity-generating power plants are under development. Recent advances in solvents, adsorbents, and membranes for postcombust- ion CO 2 capture are described here. Specifically, room-temperature ionic liquids, supported amine materials, mixed matrix and facilitated transport membranes, and metal-organic framework materials are highlighted. In addition, the concept of extracting CO2 directly from ambient air (air capture) as a means of reducing the global atmospheric CO2 concentration is reviewed. For both conventional CCS from large point sources and air capture, critical research needs are identified and discussed. © Copyright 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
CitationJones CW (2011) CO 2 Capture from Dilute Gases as a Component of Modern Global Carbon Management . Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng 2: 31–52. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-061010-114252.
SponsorsThe author is funded by the Dreyfus Foundation, National Energy Technology Laboratory(NETL), and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) to develop materialsfor the capture of CO2 from flue gas streams. Similarly, the author is funded by GlobalThermostat LLC and NETL to develop adsorbents capable of extracting CO2 from the ambientair. The author thanks these organizations for support of his research.
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
- Application of amine-tethered solid sorbents for direct CO2 capture from the ambient air.
- Authors: Choi S, Drese JH, Eisenberger PM, Jones CW
- Issue date: 2011 Mar 15
- Separation and capture of CO2 from large stationary sources and sequestration in geological formations--coalbeds and deep saline aquifers.
- Authors: White CM, Strazisar BR, Granite EJ, Hoffman JS, Pennline HW, Air & Waste Management Association.
- Issue date: 2003 Jun
- Room-temperature ionic liquids and composite materials: platform technologies for CO(2) capture.
- Authors: Bara JE, Camper DE, Gin DL, Noble RD
- Issue date: 2010 Jan 19
- Adsorbent materials for carbon dioxide capture from large anthropogenic point sources.
- Authors: Choi S, Drese JH, Jones CW
- Issue date: 2009
- Challenges of electric swing adsorption for CO(2) capture.
- Authors: Grande CA, Ribeiro RP, Rodrigues AE
- Issue date: 2010 Aug 23