Binder-Free and Carbon-Free Nanoparticle Batteries: A Method for Nanoparticle Electrodes without Polymeric Binders or Carbon Black

Type
Article

Authors
Ha, Don-Hyung
Islam, Mohammad A.
Robinson, Richard D.

KAUST Grant Number
KUS-C1-018-02

Online Publication Date
2012-09-10

Print Publication Date
2012-10-10

Date
2012-09-10

Abstract
In this work, we have developed a new fabrication method for nanoparticle (NP) assemblies for Li-ion battery electrodes that require no additional support or conductive materials such as polymeric binders or carbon black. By eliminating these additives, we are able to improve the battery capacity/weight ratio. The NP film is formed by using electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of colloidally synthesized, monodisperse cobalt NPs that are transformed through the nanoscale Kirkendall effect into hollow Co 3O 4. EPD forms a network of NPs that are mechanically very robust and electrically connected, enabling them to act as the Li-ion battery anode. The morphology change through cycles indicates stable 5-10 nm NPs form after the first lithiation remained throughout the cycling process. This NP-film battery made without binders and conductive additives shows high gravimetric (>830 mAh/g) and volumetric capacities (>2100 mAh/cm 3) even after 50 cycles. Because similar films made from drop-casting do not perform well under equal conditions, EPD is seen as the critical step to create good contacts between the particles and electrodes resulting in this significant improvement in battery electrode assembly. This is a promising system for colloidal nanoparticles and a template for investigating the mechanism of lithiation and delithiation of NPs. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Citation
Ha D-H, Islam MA, Robinson RD (2012) Binder-Free and Carbon-Free Nanoparticle Batteries: A Method for Nanoparticle Electrodes without Polymeric Binders or Carbon Black. Nano Lett 12: 5122–5130. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl3019559.

Acknowledgements
We thank the Abruna group and Archer group for their helpful suggestions for battery measurements and analysis, and Jon Shu for help with XPS data and analysis. We thank Denzel Bridges and Diana Gooding for their help with film fabrication. This work was supported in part by the Cornell Center for Materials Research (CCMR) with funding from the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center program of the National Science Foundation (cooperative agreement DMR 1120296). D.H.H. was primarily supported by the Energy Materials Center at Cornell (EMC2), an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Science under Award Number DE-SC0001086. This publication is based on work supported in part by Award No. KUS-C1-018-02, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).

Publisher
American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journal
Nano Letters

DOI
10.1021/nl3019559

PubMed ID
22963404

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