KAUST Grant NumberWBS R265-000-286-597
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AbstractThe search for potable water for quenching global thirst remains a pressing concern throughout many regions of the world. The demand for new and sustainable sources and the associated technologies for producing fresh water are intrinsically linked to the solving of potable water availability and hitherto, innovative and energy efficient desalination methods seems to be the practical solutions. Quenching global thirst by adsorption desalination is a practical and inexpensive method of desalinating the saline and brackish water to produce fresh water for agriculture irrigation, industrial, and building applications. This chapter provides a general overview of the adsorption fundamentals in terms of adsorption isotherms, kinetics, and heat of adsorption. It is then being more focused on the principles of thermally driven adsorption desalination methods. The recent developments of adsorption desalination plants and the effect of operating conditions on the system performance in terms of specific daily water production and performance ratio are presented. Design of a large commercial adsorption desalination plant is also discussed herein.
CitationNg KC, El-Sharkawy II, Saha BB, Chakraborty A (2010) Adsorption Desalination: A Novel Method. Membrane and Desalination Technologies: 391–431. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59745-278-6_9.
SponsorsThe authors express sincere thanks to King Abdullah University of Science and Techno-logy (KAUST) for the financial support through the project (WBS R265-000-286-597). Theauthors would also like to thank Mr. Kyaw Thu, a NUS Ph.D. student in the ME Department,for his help in experimental investigations of the AD plant (46–47).
PublisherSpringer Science + Business Media