Accelerating VASP electronic structure calculations using graphic processing units
KAUST Grant NumberUK-C0017
Online Publication Date2012-08-20
Print Publication Date2012-12-15
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/597443
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AbstractWe present a way to improve the performance of the electronic structure Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package (VASP) program. We show that high-performance computers equipped with graphics processing units (GPUs) as accelerators may reduce drastically the computation time when offloading these sections to the graphic chips. The procedure consists of (i) profiling the performance of the code to isolate the time-consuming parts, (ii) rewriting these so that the algorithms become better-suited for the chosen graphic accelerator, and (iii) optimizing memory traffic between the host computer and the GPU accelerator. We chose to accelerate VASP with NVIDIA GPU using CUDA. We compare the GPU and original versions of VASP by evaluating the Davidson and RMM-DIIS algorithms on chemical systems of up to 1100 atoms. In these tests, the total time is reduced by a factor between 3 and 8 when running on n (CPU core + GPU) compared to n CPU cores only, without any accuracy loss. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
CitationHacene M, Anciaux-Sedrakian A, Rozanska X, Klahr D, Guignon T, et al. (2012) Accelerating VASP electronic structure calculations using graphic processing units. Journal of Computational Chemistry 33: 2581–2589. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcc.23096.
SponsorsContract/grant sponsor: King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST, Award No. UK-C0017).