Sponges with covalently tethered amines for high-efficiency carbon capture
KAUST Grant NumberKUS-C1-018-02
MetadataShow full item record
Abstract© 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Adsorption using solid amine sorbents is an attractive emerging technology for energy-efficient carbon capture. Current syntheses for solid amine sorbents mainly based on physical impregnation or grafting-to methods (for example, aminosilane-grafting) lead to limited sorbent performance in terms of stability and working capacity, respectively. Here we report a family of solid amine sorbents using a grafting-from synthesis approach and synthesized by cationic polymerization of oxazolines on mesoporous silica. The sorbent with high amount of covalently tethered amines shows fast adsorption rate, high amine efficiency and sorbent capacity well exceeding the highest value reported to date for lowerature carbon dioxide sorbents under simulated flue gas conditions. The demonstrated efficiency of the new amine-immobilization chemistry may open up new avenues in the development of advanced carbon dioxide sorbents, as well as other nitrogen-functionalized systems.
CitationQi G, Fu L, Giannelis EP (2014) Sponges with covalently tethered amines for high-efficiency carbon capture. Nat Comms 5: 5796. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6796.
SponsorsThis publication was based on work supported by Award Nos KUS-C1-018-02 and NPRP5-1437-1-243, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology and Qatar University, respectively. This work made use of the Cornell Center for Materials Research Shared Facilities that are supported through the NSF MRSEC programme (DMR-1120296). We thank Dr Ivan Keresztes and Dr David Kiemle for performing the NMR measurements.
CollectionsPublications Acknowledging KAUST Support
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Open access articles are published under a CC BY license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License).
- Development of low-cost amine-enriched solid sorbent for CO2 capture.
- Authors: Bachelor TT, Toochinda P
- Issue date: 2012 Dec
- Carbon dioxide capture by functionalized solid amine sorbents with simulated flue gas conditions.
- Authors: Liu Y, Ye Q, Shen M, Shi J, Chen J, Pan H, Shi Y
- Issue date: 2011 Jul 1
- Amine-tethered adsorbents based on three-dimensional macroporous silica for CO(2) capture from simulated flue gas and air.
- Authors: Liu FQ, Wang L, Huang ZG, Li CQ, Li W, Li RX, Li WH
- Issue date: 2014 Mar 26
- Cyclic stability testing of aminated-silica solid sorbent for post-combustion CO2 capture.
- Authors: Fisher JC 2nd, Gray M
- Issue date: 2015 Feb
- Selective Removal of Nitrosamines from a Model Amine Carbon-Capture Waterwash Using Low-Cost Activated-Carbon Sorbents.
- Authors: Widger LR, Combs M, Lohe AR, Lippert CA, Thompson JG, Liu K
- Issue date: 2017 Sep 19