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dc.contributor.authorGonella, Elena
dc.contributor.authorPajoro, Massimo
dc.contributor.authorMarzorati, Massimo
dc.contributor.authorCrotti, Elena
dc.contributor.authorMandrioli, Mauro
dc.contributor.authorPontini, Marianna
dc.contributor.authorBulgari, Daniela
dc.contributor.authorNegri, Ilaria
dc.contributor.authorSacchi, Luciano
dc.contributor.authorChouaia, Bessem
dc.contributor.authorDaffonchio, Daniele
dc.contributor.authorAlma, Alberto
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-30T06:36:54Z
dc.date.available2015-11-30T06:36:54Z
dc.date.issued2015-11-13
dc.identifier.citationPlant-mediated interspecific horizontal transmission of an intracellular symbiont in insects 2015, 5:15811 Scientific Reports
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.pmid26563507
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep15811
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/582865
dc.description.abstractIntracellular reproductive manipulators, such as Candidatus Cardinium and Wolbachia are vertically transmitted to progeny but rarely show co-speciation with the host. In sap-feeding insects, plant tissues have been proposed as alternative horizontal routes of interspecific transmission, but experimental evidence is limited. Here we report results from experiments that show that Cardinium is horizontally transmitted between different phloem sap-feeding insect species through plants. Quantitative PCR and in situ hybridization experiments indicated that the leafhopper Scaphoideus titanus releases Cardinium from its salivary glands during feeding on both artificial media and grapevine leaves. Successional time-course feeding experiments with S. titanus initially fed sugar solutions or small areas of grapevine leaves followed by feeding by the phytoplasma vector Macrosteles quadripunctulatus or the grapevine feeder Empoasca vitis revealed that the symbionts were transmitted to both species. Explaining interspecific horizontal transmission through plants improves our understanding of how symbionts spread, their lifestyle and the symbiont-host intermixed evolutionary pattern.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/srep15811
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titlePlant-mediated interspecific horizontal transmission of an intracellular symbiont in insects
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience Program
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reports
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie e Sanità Pubblica (DIVET), Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy.
dc.contributor.institutionLaboratory for Microbial Ecology and Technology (LabMET), Ghent University, B9000 Ghent, Belgium.
dc.contributor.institutionDipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e Alimentari (DISAFA), Università degli Studi di Torino, 10095 Grugliasco
dc.contributor.institutionDipartimento di Scienze per gli Alimenti, la Nutrizione, l′Ambiente (DeFENS), Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan
dc.contributor.institutionDipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, 41100 Modena
dc.contributor.institutionDipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali—Produzione, Territorio, Agroenergia, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan
dc.contributor.institutionDipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie “L. Spallanzani”, Università degli Studi di Pavia, 27100 Pavia
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
kaust.personDaffonchio, Daniele
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T11:42:24Z
dc.date.published-online2015-11-13
dc.date.published-print2015-12


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