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dc.contributor.authorPapadopoulos, Vassilis P.
dc.contributor.authorZhan, Peng
dc.contributor.authorSofianos, Sarantis. S.
dc.contributor.authorRaitsos, Dionysios E.
dc.contributor.authorQurban, Mohammed
dc.contributor.authorAbualnaja, Yasser
dc.contributor.authorBower, Amy
dc.contributor.authorKontoyiannis, Harilaos
dc.contributor.authorPavlidou, Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorAsharaf T.T., Mohamed
dc.contributor.authorZarokanellos, Nikolaos
dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahim
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-26T07:51:56Z
dc.date.available2015-11-26T07:51:56Z
dc.date.issued2015-11-19
dc.identifier.citationFactors governing the deep ventilation of the Red Sea 2015:n/a Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
dc.identifier.issn21699275
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2015JC010996
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/582758
dc.description.abstractA variety of data based on hydrographic measurements, satellite observations, reanalysis databases, and meteorological observations are used to explore the interannual variability and factors governing the deep water formation in the northern Red Sea. Historical and recent hydrographic data consistently indicate that the ventilation of the near-bottom layer in the Red Sea is a robust feature of the thermohaline circulation. Dense water capable to reach the bottom layers of the Red Sea can be regularly produced mostly inside the Gulfs of Aqaba and Suez. Occasionally, during colder than usual winters, deep water formation may also take place over coastal areas in the northernmost end of the open Red Sea just outside the Gulfs of Aqaba and Suez. However, the origin as well as the amount of deep waters exhibit considerable interannual variability depending not only on atmospheric forcing but also on the water circulation over the northern Red Sea. Analysis of several recent winters shows that the strength of the cyclonic gyre prevailing in the northernmost part of the basin can effectively influence the sea surface temperature (SST) and intensify or moderate the winter surface cooling. Upwelling associated with periods of persistent gyre circulation lowers the SST over the northernmost part of the Red Sea and can produce colder than normal winter SST even without extreme heat loss by the sea surface. In addition, the occasional persistence of the cyclonic gyre feeds the surface layers of the northern Red Sea with nutrients, considerably increasing the phytoplankton biomass.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Union (AGU)
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2015JC010996
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 2015 American Geophysical Union
dc.titleFactors governing the deep ventilation of the Red Sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBeacon Development Company
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionHellenic Centre for Marine Research; Anavissos Greece
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Athens; Department of Physics; Greece
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UK
dc.contributor.institutionKing Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals; Dhahran Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.institutionWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Woods Hole Massachusetts USA
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
kaust.personZhan, Peng
kaust.personAbualnaja, Yasser
kaust.personZarokanellos, Nikolaos
kaust.personHoteit, Ibrahim
refterms.dateFOA2016-05-19T00:00:00Z
dc.date.published-online2015-11-19
dc.date.published-print2015-11


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