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dc.contributor.authorStenchikov, Georgiy L.
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-25T12:37:42Z
dc.date.available2015-11-25T12:37:42Z
dc.date.issued2015-09-23
dc.identifier.citationGeorgiy Stenchikov, Chapter 26 - The Role of Volcanic Activity in Climate and Global Change, In Climate Change (Second Edition), edited by Trevor M. Letcher, Elsevier, Boston, 2016, Pages 419-447, ISBN 9780444635242, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63524-2.00026-9.
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/B978-0-444-63524-2.00026-9
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/582649
dc.description.abstractExplosive volcanic eruptions are magnificent events that in many ways affect the Earth's natural processes and climate. They cause sporadic perturbations of the planet's energy balance, activating complex climate feedbacks and providing unique opportunities to better quantify those processes. We know that explosive eruptions cause cooling in the atmosphere for a few years, but we have just recently realized that volcanic signals can be seen in the subsurface ocean for decades. The volcanic forcing of the previous two centuries offsets the ocean heat uptake and diminishes global warming by about 30%. The explosive volcanism of the twenty-first century is unlikely to either cause any significant climate signal or to delay the pace of global warming. The recent interest in dynamic, microphysical, chemical, and climate impacts of volcanic eruptions is also excited by the fact that these impacts provide a natural analogue for climate geoengineering schemes involving deliberate development of an artificial aerosol layer in the lower stratosphere to counteract global warming. In this chapter we aim to discuss these recently discovered volcanic effects and specifically pay attention to how we can learn about the hidden Earth-system mechanisms activated by explosive volcanic eruptions. To demonstrate these effects we use our own model results when possible along with available observations, as well as review closely related recent publications.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444635242000269
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Climate Change. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Climate Change, 23 September 2015. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-63524-2.00026-9
dc.subjectAerosols
dc.subjectAtlantic meridional overturning circulation
dc.subjectAmoc
dc.subjectAO
dc.subjectNAO
dc.subjectOcean cooling
dc.subjectRadiative forcing
dc.subjectSea ice
dc.subjectWinter warming
dc.titleThe Role of Volcanic Activity in Climate and Global Change
dc.typeBook Chapter
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalClimate Change
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
kaust.personStenchikov, Georgiy L.
refterms.dateFOA2016-09-23T00:00:00Z


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