All conducting polymer electrodes for asymmetric solid-state supercapacitors
KAUST DepartmentMaterials Science and Engineering Program
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AbstractIn this study, we report the fabrication of solid-state asymmetric supercapacitors (ASCs) based on conducting polymer electrodes on a plastic substrate. Nanostructured conducting polymers of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), PEDOT, and polyaniline (PANI) are deposited electrochemically over Au-coated polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) plastic substrates. Due to the electron donating nature of the oxygen groups in the PEDOT, reduction potentials are higher, allowing it to be used as a negative electrode material. In addition, the high stability of PEDOT in its oxidised state makes it capable to exhibit electrochemical activity in a wide potential window. This can qualify PEDOT to be used as a negative electrode in fabricating asymmetric solid state supercapacitors with PANI as a positive electrode while employing polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/H2SO4 gel electrolyte. The ASCs exhibit a maximum power density of 2.8 W cm−3 at an energy density of 9 mW h cm−3, which is superior to the carbonaceous and metal oxide based ASC solid state devices. Furthermore, the tandem configuration of asymmetric supercapacitors is shown to be capable of powering a red light emitting diode for about 1 minute after charging for 10 seconds.
CitationAll conducting polymer electrodes for asymmetric solid-state supercapacitors 2015, 3 (14):7368 J. Mater. Chem. A
SponsorsResearch reported in this publication was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). Authors thank the Advanced Nanofabrication, Imaging and Characterization Laboratory at KAUST for their excellent support. Ruiqi Wang wants to thank SRSI for giving this opportunity and Ms. Tsvetanka B. Sendova for her assistance. NK acknowledges the support from SABIC Postdoctoral Fellowship.
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A