Esherick, Lisl Y.
Liew, Yi Jin
Lehnert, Erik M.
Hambleton, Elizabeth A.
Oates, Matt E.
Weis, Virginia M.
Pringle, John R.
Voolstra, Christian R.
KAUST DepartmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe most diverse marine ecosystems, coral reefs, depend upon a functional symbiosis between a cnidarian animal host (the coral) and intracellular photosynthetic dinoflagellate algae. The molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying this endosymbiosis are not well understood, in part because of the difficulties of experimental work with corals. The small sea anemone Aiptasia provides a tractable laboratory model for investigating these mechanisms. Here we report on the assembly and analysis of the Aiptasia genome, which will provide a foundation for future studies and has revealed several features that may be key to understanding the evolution and function of the endosymbiosis. These features include genomic rearrangements and taxonomically restricted genes that may be functionally related to the symbiosis, aspects of host dependence on alga-derived nutrients, a novel and expanded cnidarian-specific family of putative pattern-recognition receptors that might be involved in the animal–algal interactions, and extensive lineage-specific horizontal gene transfer. Extensive integration of genes of prokaryotic origin, including genes for antimicrobial peptides, presumably reflects an intimate association of the animal–algal pair also with its prokaryotic microbiome.
CitationThe genome of Aiptasia, a sea anemone model for coral symbiosis 2015:201513318 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- Developing the anemone Aiptasia as a tractable model for cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbiosis: the transcriptome of aposymbiotic A. pallida.
- Authors: Lehnert EM, Burriesci MS, Pringle JR
- Issue date: 2012 Jun 22
- Generation and analysis of transcriptomic resources for a model system on the rise: the sea anemone Aiptasia pallida and its dinoflagellate endosymbiont.
- Authors: Sunagawa S, Wilson EC, Thaler M, Smith ML, Caruso C, Pringle JR, Weis VM, Medina M, Schwarz JA
- Issue date: 2009 Jun 5
- Aiptasia sp. larvae as a model to reveal mechanisms of symbiont selection in cnidarians.
- Authors: Wolfowicz I, Baumgarten S, Voss PA, Hambleton EA, Voolstra CR, Hatta M, Guse A
- Issue date: 2016 Sep 1
- Using the Acropora digitifera genome to understand coral responses to environmental change.
- Authors: Shinzato C, Shoguchi E, Kawashima T, Hamada M, Hisata K, Tanaka M, Fujie M, Fujiwara M, Koyanagi R, Ikuta T, Fujiyama A, Miller DJ, Satoh N
- Issue date: 2011 Jul 24
- Extensive differences in gene expression between symbiotic and aposymbiotic cnidarians.
- Authors: Lehnert EM, Mouchka ME, Burriesci MS, Gallo ND, Schwarz JA, Pringle JR
- Issue date: 2014 Feb 19