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dc.contributor.authorLe Roux, Julien
dc.contributor.authorNada, Nabil A.
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Muhammad
dc.contributor.authorCroue, Jean-Philippe
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-24T08:36:37Z
dc.date.available2015-08-24T08:36:37Z
dc.date.issued2015-03
dc.identifier.citationLe Roux, J., Nada, N., Khan, M. T., & Croué, J.-P. (2015). Tracing disinfection byproducts in full-scale desalination plants. Desalination, 359, 141–148. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2014.12.035
dc.identifier.issn00119164
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.desal.2014.12.035
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/575724
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this study was to assess the formation and the behavior of halogenated byproducts (regulated THMs and HAAs, as well as nitrogenous, brominated and iodinated DBPs including the emerging iodo-THMs) along the treatment train of full-scale desalination plants. One thermal multi-stage flash distillation (MSF) plant and two reverse osmosis (RO) plants located on the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia. DBPs formed during the prechlorination step were efficiently removed along the treatment processes (MSF or RO). Desalination plants fed with good seawater quality and using intermittent chlorine injection did not show high DBP formation and discharge. One RO plant with a lower raw water quality and using continuous chlorination at the intake formed more DBPs. In this plant, some non-regulated DBPs (e.g., dibromoacetonitrile and iodo-THMs) reached the product water in low concentrations (< 1.5 μg/L). Regulated THMs and HAAs were far below their maximum contamination levels set by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Substantial amounts of DBPs are disposed to the sea; low concentrations of DBPs were indeed detected in the water on shore of the desalination plants.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors thank NOMAC for providing access to desalination plants. Research reported in this publication was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors would also like to thank Dr. Leo Gutierrez for his assistance and support.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subjectChlorination
dc.subjectDesalination plants
dc.subjectDisinfection byproducts
dc.subjectHaloacetic acids
dc.subjectHaloacetonitriles
dc.subjectIodinated DBPs
dc.subjectMulti-stage flash distillation
dc.subjectReverse osmosis
dc.subjectTrihalomethanes
dc.titleTracing disinfection byproducts in full-scale desalination plants
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.identifier.journalDesalination
dc.contributor.institutionNOMAC, P.O. Box 8337Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
kaust.personLe Roux, Julien
kaust.personKhan, Muhammad
kaust.personCroue, Jean-Philippe


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