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dc.contributor.authorEl-Fadel, Mutasem E.
dc.contributor.authorSaikaly, Pascal
dc.contributor.authorGhanimeh, Sophia A.
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-12T09:00:30Z
dc.date.available2015-08-12T09:00:30Z
dc.date.issued2013-01
dc.identifier.issn10643389
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/10643389.2012.694333
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/566036
dc.description.abstractAnaerobic digestion (AD) of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) is promoted as an energy source and more recently as a greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation measure. In this context, AD systems operating at thermophilic temperatures (55-60°C)-compared to mesophilic temperatures (35-40°C)-have the unique feature of producing hygienic soil conditioners with greater process efficiency, higher energy yield, and more GHG savings. Startup of AD systems is often constrained by the lack of acclimated seeds, leading to process instability and failure. The authors focus on strategies to startup thermophilic digesters treating OFMSW in the absence of acclimated seeds and examines constraints associated with process stability and ways to overcome them. Relevant gaps in the literature and future research needs are delineated. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the National Council for Scientific Research and the Masri Institute of Energy and Natural Resources at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon.
dc.publisherInforma UK Limited
dc.subjectAnaerobic digestion
dc.subjectMixing
dc.subjectMunicipal solid waste
dc.subjectStability
dc.subjectStartup
dc.titleStartup and stability of thermophilic anaerobic digestion of OFMSW
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.identifier.journalCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.institutionAmerican University of Beirut, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Bliss street, PO Box 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon
kaust.personSaikaly, Pascal


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