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dc.contributor.authorvan Loosdrecht, Mark C.M.
dc.contributor.authorBereschenko, Ludmilla A.
dc.contributor.authorRadu, Andrea I.
dc.contributor.authorKruithof, Joop C.
dc.contributor.authorPicioreanu, Cristian
dc.contributor.authorJohns, Michael L.
dc.contributor.authorVrouwenvelder, Johannes S.
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-12T08:58:55Z
dc.date.available2015-08-12T08:58:55Z
dc.date.issued2012-06
dc.identifier.issn02731223
dc.identifier.pmid22678204
dc.identifier.doi10.2166/wst.2012.096
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/566002
dc.description.abstractHistorically, biofouling research on spiral wound membrane systems is typically problem solving oriented. Membrane modules are studied as black box systems, investigated by autopsies. Biofouling is not a simple process. Many factors influence each other in a non-linear fashion. These features make biofouling a subject which is not easy to study using a fundamental scientific approach. Nevertheless to solve or minimize the negative impacts of biofouling, a clear understanding of the interacting basic principles is needed. Recent research into microbiological characterizing of biofouling, small scale test units, application of in situ visualization methods, and model approaches allow such an integrated study of biofouling. © IWA Publishing 2012.
dc.publisherIWA Publishing
dc.subjectBiofouling
dc.subjectExtracellular polymeric substances (EPS)
dc.subjectMicrobiology
dc.subjectModelling
dc.subjectNanofiltration (NF)
dc.subjectReverse osmosis (RO)
dc.titleNew approaches to characterizing and understanding biofouling of spiral wound membrane systems
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.identifier.journalWater Science & Technology
dc.contributor.institutionDept. Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC Delft, Netherlands
dc.contributor.institutionKWR Watercycle Research, P.O. Box 1072, 3430 BB Nieuwegein, Netherlands
dc.contributor.institutionWetsus, PO Box 1113, 8900 CC Leeuwarden, Netherlands
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
kaust.personVrouwenvelder, Johannes S.


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