Forward osmosis niches in seawater desalination and wastewater reuse
AuthorsValladares Linares, Rodrigo
Amy, Gary L.
Vrouwenvelder, Johannes S.
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/565978
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis review focuses on the present status of forward osmosis (FO) niches in two main areas: seawater desalination and wastewater reuse. Specific applications for desalination and impaired-quality water treatment and reuse are described, as well as the benefits, advantages, challenges, costs and knowledge gaps on FO hybrid systems are discussed. FO can play a role as a bridge to integrate upstream and downstream water treatment processes, to reduce the energy consumption of the entire desalination or water recovery and reuse processes, thus achieving a sustainable solution for the water-energy nexus. FO hybrid membrane systems showed to have advantages over traditional membrane process like high pressure reverse osmosis and nanofiltration for desalination and wastewater treatment: (i) chemical storage and feed water systems may be reduced for capital, operational and maintenance cost, (ii) water quality is improved, (iii) reduced process piping costs, (iv) more flexible treatment units, and (v) higher overall sustainability of the desalination and wastewater treatment process. Nevertheless, major challenges make FO systems not yet a commercially viable technology, the most critical being the development of a high flux membrane, capable of maintaining an elevated salt rejection and a reduced internal concentration polarization effect, and the availability of appropriate draw solutions (cost effective and non-toxic), which can be recirculated via an efficient recovery process. This review article highlights the features of hybrid FO systems and specifically provides the state-of-the-art applications in the water industry in a novel classification and based on the latest developments toward scaling up these systems.
CitationValladares Linares, R., Li, Z., Sarp, S., Bucs, S. S., Amy, G., & Vrouwenvelder, J. S. (2014). Forward osmosis niches in seawater desalination and wastewater reuse. Water Research, 66, 122–139. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2014.08.021
- Life cycle cost of a hybrid forward osmosis - low pressure reverse osmosis system for seawater desalination and wastewater recovery.
- Authors: Valladares Linares R, Li Z, Yangali-Quintanilla V, Ghaffour N, Amy G, Leiknes T, Vrouwenvelder JS
- Issue date: 2016 Jan 1
- Efficiently Combining Water Reuse and Desalination through Forward Osmosis-Reverse Osmosis (FO-RO) Hybrids: A Critical Review.
- Authors: Blandin G, Verliefde AR, Comas J, Rodriguez-Roda I, Le-Clech P
- Issue date: 2016 Jul 1
- A comparative life cycle assessment of hybrid osmotic dilution desalination and established seawater desalination and wastewater reclamation processes.
- Authors: Hancock NT, Black ND, Cath TY
- Issue date: 2012 Mar 15
- Forward osmosis membrane modular configurations for osmotic dilution of seawater by forward osmosis and reverse osmosis hybrid system.
- Authors: Kim JE, Phuntsho S, Ali SM, Choi JY, Shon HK
- Issue date: 2018 Jan 1
- Sustainable water recovery from oily wastewater via forward osmosis-membrane distillation (FO-MD).
- Authors: Zhang S, Wang P, Fu X, Chung TS
- Issue date: 2014 Apr 1