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dc.contributor.authorAmer, Ranya A.
dc.contributor.authorMapelli, Francesca
dc.contributor.authorEl Gendi, Hamada M.
dc.contributor.authorBarbato, Marta
dc.contributor.authorGoda, Doaa A.
dc.contributor.authorCorsini, Anna
dc.contributor.authorCavalca, Lucia
dc.contributor.authorFusi, Marco
dc.contributor.authorBorin, Sara
dc.contributor.authorDaffonchio, Daniele
dc.contributor.authorAbdel-Fattah, Yasser R.
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-04T12:35:20Z
dc.date.available2015-08-04T12:35:20Z
dc.date.issued2015-07-27
dc.identifier.citationBacterial Diversity and Bioremediation Potential of the Highly Contaminated Marine Sediments at El-Max District (Egypt, Mediterranean Sea) 2015, 2015:1 BioMed Research International
dc.identifier.issn2314-6133
dc.identifier.issn2314-6141
dc.identifier.pmid26273661
dc.identifier.doi10.1155/2015/981829
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/565033
dc.description.abstractCoastal environments worldwide are threatened by the effects of pollution, a risk particularly high in semienclosed basins like the Mediterranean Sea that is poorly studied from bioremediation potential perspective especially in the Southern coast. Here, we investigated the physical, chemical, and microbiological features of hydrocarbon and heavy metals contaminated sediments collected at El-Max bay (Egypt). Molecular and statistical approaches assessing the structure of the sediment-dwelling bacterial communities showed correlations between the composition of bacterial assemblages and the associated environmental parameters. Fifty strains were isolated on mineral media supplemented by 1% crude oil and identified as a diverse range of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria involved in different successional stages of biodegradation. We screened the collection for biotechnological potential studying biosurfactant production, biofilm formation, and the capability to utilize different hydrocarbons. Some strains were able to grow on multiple hydrocarbons as unique carbon source and presented biosurfactant-like activities and/or capacity to form biofilm and owned genes involved in different detoxification/degradation processes. El-Max sediments represent a promising reservoir of novel bacterial strains adapted to high hydrocarbon contamination loads. The potential of the strains for exploitation for in situ intervention to combat pollution in coastal areas is discussed.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherHindawi Limited
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2015/981829/
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.titleBacterial Diversity and Bioremediation Potential of the Highly Contaminated Marine Sediments at El-Max District (Egypt, Mediterranean Sea)
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience Program
dc.identifier.journalBioMed Research International
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental Biotechnology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria, Egypt
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Food, Environment and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), University of Milan, 20133 Milan, Italy
dc.contributor.institutionBioprocess Development Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria, Egypt
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
kaust.personFusi, Marco
kaust.personDaffonchio, Daniele
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T10:14:50Z
dc.date.published-online2015-07-27
dc.date.published-print2015


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