SAR interferometry has long been regarded as an effective tool for wide-area topographic mapping in hilly and mountainous areas. However, quality of InSAR DEM product is usually affected by atmospheric disturbances and decorrelation-induced voids, especially for data acquired in repeat-pass mode. In this paper, we proposed an approach for improved topographic mapping by optimal fusion of multi-orbit InSAR DEMs with correction of atmospheric phase screen (APS). An experimental study with highresolution TerraSAR-X and COSMO-SkyMed datasets covering a mountainous area was carried out to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Validation with a reference DEM of scale 1:50,000 indicated that vertical accuracy of the fused DEM can be better than 5 m.
Lu Zhang, Houjun Jiang, Mingsheng Liao, Balz, T., & Teng Wang. (2014). Joint use of multi-orbit high-resolution SAR interferometry for DEM generation in mountainous area. 2014 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. doi:10.1109/igarss.2014.6946444