First-principles determination of the K-conductivity pathways in KAlO2
KAUST DepartmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Materials Science and Engineering Program
Computational Physics and Materials Science (CPMS)
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AbstractInvestigation of novel fast ion-conducting materials requires an accurate description of the ionic diffusion. The tiling method proposed by Blatov and coworkers, based on geometric characteristics, is a viable alternative to molecular dynamics simulations, allowing us to build models of the pathway system in crystal structures; however, the reliability is limited. Using first-principles simulations, we calculate the potential barriers of the ionic migration between voids in the structure of KAlO2 with local framework distortions and compare the results with those of the tiling method. We estimate the potential barriers for complex ion-conducting channels including several hopping distances. The effect of Coulomb interaction between charge carriers located in adjacent pathways on the potential barriers is discussed, and the effects of the framework flexibility are analyzed. Quantitative results on the potential barriers of ionic diffusion in a crystal structure and its dependence on the shape of the channels are important for assessing the potential of a specific compound. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)