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dc.contributor.authorAl-Babili, Salim
dc.contributor.authorBouwmeester, Harro J.
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T12:34:09Z
dc.date.available2015-08-03T12:34:09Z
dc.date.issued2015-04-29
dc.identifier.issn15435008
dc.identifier.pmid25621512
dc.identifier.doi10.1146/annurev-arplant-043014-114759
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/564149
dc.description.abstractStrigolactones (SLs) are carotenoid-derived plant hormones and signaling molecules. When released into the soil, SLs indicate the presence of a host to symbiotic fungi and root parasitic plants. In planta, they regulate several developmental processes that adapt plant architecture to nutrient availability. Highly branched/tillered mutants in Arabidopsis, pea, and rice have enabled the identification of four SL biosynthetic enzymes: a cis/trans-carotene isomerase, two carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases, and a cytochrome P450 (MAX1). In vitro and in vivo enzyme assays and analysis of mutants have shown that the pathway involves a combination of new reactions leading to carlactone, which is converted by a rice MAX1 homolog into an SL parent molecule with a tricyclic lactone moiety. In this review, we focus on SL biosynthesis, describe the hormonal and environmental factors that determine this process, and discuss SL transport and downstream signaling as well as the role of SLs in regulating plant development. ©2015 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
dc.publisherAnnual Reviews
dc.subjectCarlactone
dc.subjectCarotenoids
dc.subjectPlant hormones and development
dc.subjectStrigolactones
dc.titleStrigolactones, a novel carotenoid-derived plant hormone
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentPlant Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentDesert Agriculture Initiative
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience Program
dc.identifier.journalAnnual Review of Plant Biology
dc.contributor.institutionLaboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen UniversityWageningen, Netherlands
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for BioSystems GenomicsWageningen, Netherlands
kaust.personAl-Babili, Salim


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