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dc.contributor.authorTian, Renmao
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yong
dc.contributor.authorBougouffa, Salim
dc.contributor.authorGao, Zhaoming
dc.contributor.authorCai, Lin
dc.contributor.authorBajic, Vladimir B.
dc.contributor.authorQian, Pei-Yuan
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T12:07:43Z
dc.date.available2015-08-03T12:07:43Z
dc.date.issued2014-08-29
dc.identifier.issn14622912
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/1462-2920.12586
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/563720
dc.description.abstractSulfur-reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) play essential roles in marine sponges. However, the detailed characteristics and physiology of the bacteria are largely unknown. Here, we present and analyse the first genome of sponge-associated SOB using a recently developed metagenomic binning strategy. The loss of transposase and virulence-associated genes and the maintenance of the ancient polyphosphate glucokinase gene suggested a stabilized SOB genome that might have coevolved with the ancient host during establishment of their association. Exclusive distribution in sponge, bacterial detoxification for the host (sulfide oxidation) and the enrichment for symbiotic characteristics (genes-encoding ankyrin) in the SOB genome supported the bacterial role as an intercellular symbiont. Despite possessing complete autotrophic sulfur oxidation pathways, the bacterium developed a much more versatile capacity for carbohydrate uptake and metabolism, in comparison with its closest relatives (Thioalkalivibrio) and to other representative autotrophs from the same order (Chromatiales). The ability to perform both autotrophic and heterotrophic metabolism likely results from the unstable supply of reduced sulfur in the sponge and is considered critical for the sponge-SOB consortium. Our study provides insights into SOB of sponge-specific clade with thioautotrophic and versatile heterotrophic metabolism relevant to its roles in the micro-environment of the sponge body. © 2014 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by grants from the Nature Science Foundation of China (U1301232), the 'Strategic Priority Research Program' of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB06010100 and XDB06010200), the SKLMP Seed Collaborative Research fund (CITYU12SC01) and an award from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (SA-C0040/UK-C0016).
dc.publisherWiley
dc.titleGenomic analysis reveals versatile heterotrophic capacity of a potentially symbiotic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium in sponge
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentComputational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC)
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentApplied Mathematics and Computational Science Program
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental Microbiology
dc.contributor.institutionDivison of Life Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
dc.contributor.institutionSanya Institute of Deep Sea Science and Engineering, Chinese Academy of SciencesSan Ya, Hai Nan, China
kaust.personBougouffa, Salim
kaust.personBajic, Vladimir B.
dc.date.published-online2014-08-29
dc.date.published-print2014-11


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