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dc.contributor.authorBurger, Joanna
dc.contributor.authorGochfeld, Michael
dc.contributor.authorBatang, Zenon B.
dc.contributor.authorMannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeel
dc.contributor.authorAljahdali, Ramzi
dc.contributor.authorAl-Jebreen, Dalal Hamad
dc.contributor.authorAziz, Mohammed A M
dc.contributor.authorAl-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T12:05:44Z
dc.date.available2015-08-03T12:05:44Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-11
dc.identifier.citationBurger, J., Gochfeld, M., Batang, Z., Alikunhi, N., Al-Jahdali, R., Al-Jebreen, D., … Al-Suwailem, A. (2014). Fish consumption behavior and rates in native and non-native people in Saudi Arabia. Environmental Research, 133, 141–148. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2014.05.014
dc.identifier.issn00139351
dc.identifier.pmid24926920
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.envres.2014.05.014
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/563671
dc.description.abstractFish are a healthy source of protein and nutrients, but contaminants in fish may provide health risks. Determining the risk from contaminants in fish requires site-specific information on consumption patterns. We examine consumption rates for resident and expatriates in the Jeddah region of Saudi Arabia, by species of fish and fishing location. For Saudis, 3.7% of males and 4.3% of females do not eat fish; for expatriates, the percent not eating fish is 6.6% and 6.1% respectively. Most people eat fish at home (over 90%), and many eat fish at restaurants (65% and 48%, respectively for Saudis and expatriates). Fish eaten at home comes from local fish markets, followed by supermarkets. Saudis included fish in their diets at an average of 1.4±1.2 meals/week at home and 0.8±0.7 meals/week at restaurants, while expats ate 2.0±1.7 meals/week at home and 1.1±1.1 meals/week in restaurants. Overall, Saudis ate 2.2 fish meals/week, while expats ate 3.1 meals/week. Grouper (Epinephelus and Cephalopholis) were eaten by 72% and 60% respectively. Plectropomus pessuliferus was the second favorite for both groups and Hipposcarus harid and Lethrinus lentjan were in 3rd and 4th place in terms of consumption. Average meal size was 68. g for Saudis and 128. g for expatriates. These data can be used by health professionals, risk assessors, and environmental regulators to examine potential risk from contaminants in fish, and to compare consumption rates with other sites. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) to KAUST (KAUST/MoA 228211), with additional funds to JB and MG from EOHSI, NIEHS (P30ES005022), and Rutgers University. The support and assistance extended by the KAUST Administration and CMOR staff are deeply appreciated. We thank also the many people who have discussed these topics with us, or who have helped in the research, including R. Schoeny, A. Stern, D. Carpenter, N. Ralston, M. Lemire, D. Mergler, S. Silbernagel, E. Silbergeld, E. Groth, C. Chess, C. Jeitner, T. Pittfield, and M. Donio. We also gratefully acknowledge the logistical help provided by C. Jeitner. The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors, and do not represent the funding agencies.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4467211
dc.relation.urlhttp://europepmc.org/articles/pmc4467211?pdf=render
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in [JournalTitle]. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in [JournalTitle], [[Volume], [Issue], (2014-06-11)] DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2014.05.014 . © 2014. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.rightsThis file is an open access version redistributed from: http://europepmc.org/articles/pmc4467211?pdf=render
dc.subjectFish consumption
dc.subjectFishing
dc.subjectMeal size
dc.subjectMeal/week
dc.subjectSaudi Arabia
dc.titleFish consumption behavior and rates in native and non-native people in Saudi Arabia
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentCoastal and Marine Resources Core Lab
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Operations
dc.contributor.departmentResearch Support
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental Research
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC4467211
dc.rights.embargodate2015-06-11
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionDivision of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, United States
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, United States
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental and Occupational Medicine, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ, United States
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Nutrition and Food Science, Princess Nora bint Abdul Rahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.institutionDirectorate of Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
kaust.personAljahdali, Ramzi
kaust.personAl-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.
kaust.personBatang, Zenon B.
kaust.personMannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeel
kaust.grant.numberKAUST/MoA 228211
refterms.dateFOA2020-04-23T13:16:55Z
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitCMOR staff
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitKAUST Administration


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