Analysis of bifurcation behavior of a piecewise linear vibrator with electromagnetic coupling for energy harvesting applications

Type
Article

Authors
El Aroudi, Abdelali
Ouakad, Hassen M.
Benadero, Luis
Younis, Mohammad I.

KAUST Department
Mechanical Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division

Online Publication Date
2014-05-28

Print Publication Date
2014-05

Date
2014-05-28

Abstract
Recently, nonlinearities have been shown to play an important role in increasing the extracted energy of vibration-based energy harvesting systems. In this paper, we study the dynamical behavior of a piecewise linear (PWL) spring-mass-damper system for vibration-based energy harvesting applications. First, we present a continuous time single degree of freedom PWL dynamical model of the system. Different configurations of the PWL model and their corresponding state-space regions are derived. Then, from this PWL model, extensive numerical simulations are carried out by computing time-domain waveforms, state-space trajectories and frequency responses under a deterministic harmonic excitation for different sets of system parameter values. Stability analysis is performed using Floquet theory combined with Filippov method, Poincaré map modeling and finite difference method (FDM). The Floquet multipliers are calculated using these three approaches and a good concordance is obtained among them. The performance of the system in terms of the harvested energy is studied by considering both purely harmonic excitation and a noisy vibrational source. A frequency-domain analysis shows that the harvested energy could be larger at low frequencies as compared to an equivalent linear system, in particular, for relatively low excitation intensities. This could be an advantage for potential use of this system in low frequency ambient vibrational-based energy harvesting applications. © 2014 World Scientific Publishing Company.

Citation
El Aroudi, A., Ouakad, H., Benadero, L., & Younis, M. (2014). Analysis of Bifurcation Behavior of a Piecewise Linear Vibrator with Electromagnetic Coupling for Energy Harvesting Applications. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 24(05), 1450066. doi:10.1142/s0218127414500667

Publisher
World Scientific Pub Co Pte Lt

Journal
International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos

DOI
10.1142/S0218127414500667

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