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dc.contributor.authorAnwar, Zobia
dc.contributor.authorAzhar Khan, Muhammad
dc.contributor.authorMahmood, Azhar
dc.contributor.authorAsghar, Muhammad Hammad
dc.contributor.authorShakir, Imran
dc.contributor.authorShahid, Muhammad
dc.contributor.authorBibi, Ismat
dc.contributor.authorFarooq Warsi, Muhammad
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T11:52:11Z
dc.date.available2015-08-03T11:52:11Z
dc.date.issued2014-04
dc.identifier.citationAnwar, Z., Azhar Khan, M., Mahmood, A., Asghar, M., Shakir, I., Shahid, M., … Farooq Warsi, M. (2014). TbxBi1−xFeO3 nanoparticulate multiferroics fabricated by micro-emulsion technique: Structural elucidation and magnetic behavior evaluation. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 355, 169–172. doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2013.12.016
dc.identifier.issn03048853
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jmmm.2013.12.016
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/563465
dc.description.abstractTb-doped BiFeO3 multiferroics nanoparticles fabricated via micro-emulsion route were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The fully characterized TbxBi1-xFeO3 nanoparticles were then subjected to magnetic behavior evaluation for various technological applications. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) conducted in the range 25-1000 C predicted the temperature (~960 C) for phase formation. XRD estimated the crystallite size 30-47 nm, while the particles size estimated by SEM was found (80-120 nm). The XRD data confirmed the rhombohedral (space group R3c) phase with average cell volume 182.66 Å3 (for BiFeO 3). Various other physical parameters like bulk density, X-ray density and porosity were also determined from the XRD data and found in agreement with theoretical predictions. The magnetic studies showed that as Bi3+ was substituted by Tb3+, all magnetic parameters were altered. The maximum saturation magnetization (Ms) (0.6691 emug -1) was exhibited by Tb0.02Bi0.98FeO 3 while the Tb0.00Bi1.00Fe1.00O 3 showed the maximum (549 Oe) coercivity. The evaluated magnetic behavior categorized these materials as soft magnetic materials that may be useful for fabricating advanced technological applications. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subjectMagnetic parameter
dc.subjectMultiferroics
dc.subjectNanoparticle
dc.subjectRare earth
dc.titleTbxBi1-xFeO3 nanoparticulate multiferroics fabricated by micro-emulsion technique: Structural elucidation and magnetic behavior evaluation
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentMaterial Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Physics, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemistry, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan
dc.contributor.institutionDeanship of Scientific Research, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
kaust.personShahid, Muhammad


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