Application of weighted early-arrival waveform inversion to shallow land data

Abstract
Seismic imaging of deep land targets is usually difficult since the near-surface velocities are not accurately estimated. Recent studies have shown that inverting traces weighted by the energy of the early-arrivals can improve the accuracy of estimating shallow velocities. In this work, it is explained by showing that the associated misfit gradient function tends to be sensitive to the kinetics of wave propagation and insensitive to the dynamics. A synthetic example verifies the theoretical predictions and shows that the effects of noise and unpredicted amplitude variations in the inversion are reduced using this weighted early arrival waveform inversion (WEWI). We also apply this method to a 2D land data set for estimating the near-surface velocity distribution. The reverse time migration images suggest that, compared to the tomogram inverted directly from the early arrival waveforms, the WEWI tomogram provides a more convincing velocity model and more focused reflections in the deeper part of the image. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Citation
Yu, H., Zhang, D., & Wang, X. (2014). Application of weighted early-arrival waveform inversion to shallow land data. Journal of Applied Geophysics, 102, 68–76. doi:10.1016/j.jappgeo.2014.01.003

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Journal of Applied Geophysics

DOI
10.1016/j.jappgeo.2014.01.003

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