Constructing set-valued fundamental diagrams from jamiton solutions in second order traffic models
KAUST DepartmentApplied Mathematics and Computational Science Program
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractFundamental diagrams of vehicular traiic ow are generally multivalued in the congested ow regime. We show that such set-valued fundamental diagrams can be constructed systematically from simple second order macroscopic traiic models, such as the classical Payne-Whitham model or the inhomogeneous Aw-Rascle-Zhang model. These second order models possess nonlinear traveling wave solutions, called jamitons, and the multi-valued parts in the fundamental diagram correspond precisely to jamiton-dominated solutions. This study shows that transitions from function-valued to set-valued parts in a fundamental diagram arise naturally in well-known second order models. As a particular consequence, these models intrinsically reproduce traiic phases. © American Institute of Mathematical Sciences.
SponsorsThe authors would like to thank J.-C. Nave for helpful discussions. The authors would like to acknowledge the support by the National Science Foundation. R. R. Rosales and B. Seibold were supported through grants DMS-1007899 and DMS-1007967, respectively. In addition, R. R. Rosales wishes to acknowledge partial support by the NSF through grants DMS-0813648, DMS-1115278, and DMS-0907955, B. Seibold through grants DMS-0813648 and DMS-1115269, and A. R. Kasimov through grant DMS-0907955. M. R. Flynn wishes to acknowledge support by the NSERC Discovery Grant Program.
JournalNetworks and Heterogeneous Media