Sol-gel synthesis of 8 nm magnetite (Fe 3O 4) nanoparticles and their magnetic properties
AuthorsLemine, O. M.
El Mir, Lassaad
Alyamani, Ahmed Y.
KAUST DepartmentImaging and Characterization Core Lab
Advanced Nanofabrication, Imaging and Characterization Core Lab
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AbstractMagnetite (Fe 3O 4) nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by a sol-gel method. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive analysis by X-ray (EDAX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and Mössbauer spectrometry. XRD and Mössbauer measurements indicate that the obtained nanoparticles are single phase. TEM analysis shows the presence of spherical nanoparticles with homogeneous size distribution of about 8 nm. Room temperature ferromagnetics behavior was confirmed by SQUID measurements. The mechanism of nanoparticles formation and the comparison with recent results are discussed. Finally, the synthesized nanoparticles present a potential candidate for hyperthermia application given their saturation magnetization. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.