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dc.contributor.authorBatang, Zenon B.
dc.contributor.authorPapathanassiou, Evangelos
dc.contributor.authorAl-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Chris J M
dc.contributor.authorSalomidi, Maria
dc.contributor.authorPetihakis, George
dc.contributor.authorMannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeel
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Edward Lloyd
dc.contributor.authorMallon, Francis
dc.contributor.authorYapici, Tahir
dc.contributor.authorFayad, Nabil
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T09:47:07Z
dc.date.available2015-08-03T09:47:07Z
dc.date.issued2012-06
dc.identifier.issn09247963
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.12.004
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562200
dc.description.abstractA new cold brine seep system with microbial mats and metazoan assemblages was discovered by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) on the Saudi continental margin of central Red Sea. Now named as Thuwal Seeps, it has a shallow brine pool between 840 and 850. m water depths that is formed by focused brine expulsions from two sites (Seep I: 22°17.3'N, 38°53.8'E; Seep II: 22°16.9'N, 38°53.9'E). The seep is located at the base of a steep wall rock closer to the shore (20. km) than to the axial trough (120. km). The brine pool does not exhibit a significant thermal anomaly (<. 0.3°C) and is so far the coldest (21.7°C) and least saline (74‰) among brine pools in the Red Sea. This discovery provides the first direct evidence of a cold seep with associated biota on the continental margin of the Red Sea. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
dc.description.sponsorshipRed Sea Expedition 2010 is sponsored by KAUST under its Global Collaborative Research program. Manolis Kalergis, Leonidas Manousakis, Kostas Katsaros, and Theodoros Fotopoulos from HCMR assisted in ROV operations. The captain and crew of R/V Aegaeo provided support during the entire cruise. We thank Kathleen Campbell (University of Auckland, New Zealand) and Martin Hovland (Statoil, Norway) for clarifications on the Red Sea seeps. We solicited taxonomic opinions from Greg Rouse (University of California San Diego, USA) and Nomiki Simboura (HCMR) on tubeworms; Elena Krylova (P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russia), Zenetos Argyros (HCMR), Serge Gofas (Universidad de Malaga, Spain) and Henk Dekker (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands) on clams; Andreas Kroh (Natural History Museum, Vienna) on sea urchins; and Rob van Soest (Zoological Museum of the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands) on sponges. William DeCarvalho prepared the maps of the study area.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subjectBrine pool
dc.subjectCold seep
dc.subjectMetazoan fauna
dc.subjectMicrobial mat
dc.subjectPolychaete tubeworm
dc.subjectRed Sea
dc.titleFirst discovery of a cold seep on the continental margin of the central Red Sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentAnalytical Chemistry Core Lab
dc.contributor.departmentAnalytical Core Lab
dc.contributor.departmentCoastal and Marine Resources Core Lab
dc.contributor.departmentCore Labs
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Marine Systems
dc.contributor.institutionHellenic Center for Marine Research (HCMR), Anavyssos 19013, Greece
kaust.personAl-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.
kaust.personYapici, Tahir
kaust.personBatang, Zenon B.
kaust.personMannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeel
kaust.personSmith, Edward Lloyd
kaust.personMallon, Francis
kaust.personFayad, Nabil
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitR/V Aegaeo


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