A reaction mechanism for gasoline surrogate fuels for large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
KAUST DepartmentChemical Engineering Program
Clean Combustion Research Center
Combustion and Laser Diagnostics Laboratory
Mechanical Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562068
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AbstractThis work aims to develop a reaction mechanism for gasoline surrogate fuels (n-heptane, iso-octane and toluene) with an emphasis on the formation of large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Starting from an existing base mechanism for gasoline surrogate fuels with the largest chemical species being pyrene (C 16H 10), this new mechanism is generated by adding PAH sub-mechanisms to account for the formation and growth of PAHs up to coronene (C 24H 12). The density functional theory (DFT) and the transition state theory (TST) have been adopted to evaluate the rate constants for several PAH reactions. The mechanism is validated in the premixed laminar flames of n-heptane, iso-octane, benzene and ethylene. The characteristics of PAH formation in the counterflow diffusion flames of iso-octane/toluene and n-heptane/toluene mixtures have also been tested for both the soot formation and soot formation/oxidation flame conditions. The predictions of the concentrations of large PAHs in the premixed flames having available experimental data are significantly improved with the new mechanism as compared to the base mechanism. The major pathways for the formation of large PAHs are identified. The test of the counterflow diffusion flames successfully predicts the PAH behavior exhibiting a synergistic effect observed experimentally for the mixture fuels, irrespective of the type of flame (soot formation flame or soot formation/oxidation flame). The reactions that lead to this synergistic effect in PAH formation are identified through the rate-of-production analysis. © 2011 The Combustion Institute.
CitationRaj, A., Prada, I. D. C., Amer, A. A., & Chung, S. H. (2012). A reaction mechanism for gasoline surrogate fuels for large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Combustion and Flame, 159(2), 500–515. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2011.08.011
SponsorsThis work has been supported by Saudi Aramco through KAUST CCRC. We are thankful to Dr. Tidjani Niass for his helpful suggestions.
JournalCombustion and Flame