Unique reactivity of Fe nanoparticles-defective graphene composites toward NH x (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) adsorption: A first-principles study
KAUST DepartmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Chemical Science Program
Nanostructured Functional Materials (NFM) laboratory
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AbstractWe investigated the electronic structure of Fe nanoparticle-graphene composites and the impact of the interfacial interaction on NH x (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) adsorption by first-principles based calculations. We found that Fe 13 nanoparticles can be stabilized by the sp 2 dangling bonds on single vacancy graphene substrate with a binding energy up to -7.07 eV. This interaction not only deformed the carbon atoms around the defect and gave rise to the stability of the Fe nanoparticle against sintering, but also had significant impact on the adsorption of NH x that is related to the catalytic performance of these composites in NH 3 decomposition. Doping of the single vacancy graphene with N or B can finely tune the adsorption of NH x. Further analysis revealed that the calculated adsorption energies of NH x on these composites correlated well with the shift of the average d-band center of the Fe nanoparticles and they were around the peak of the activity-adsorption energy curve for NH 3 decomposition catalysts, especially when doped with B. The optimal adsorption of NH x on Fe nanoparticles deposited on boron-doped defective graphene suggests the possible high stability and superior catalytic performance of these composites in the low-temperature catalytic decomposition of NH 3. This journal is © 2012 the Owner Societies.
SponsorsThis work was supported by the Special Academic Partner GCR Program from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. X. L. would also thank NSFC (21103015, 20273012, and 11174045), the Chinese Scholarship Council (2009606533), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (DUT11LK19, DUT12LK14) and the Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes YICCAS (201203) for support.
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (RSC)