High energy density supercapacitors using macroporous kitchen sponges
KAUST DepartmentMaterials Science and Engineering Program
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center
Functional Nanomaterials and Devices Research Group
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AbstractMacroporous, low-cost and recyclable kitchen sponges are explored as effective electrode platforms for supercapacitor devices. A simple and scalable process has been developed to fabricate MnO 2-carbon nanotube (CNT)-sponge supercapacitor electrodes using ordinary kitchen sponges. Two organic electrolytes (1 M of tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (Et 4NBF 4) in propylene carbonate (PC), 1 M of LiClO 4 in PC) are utilized with the sponge-based electrodes to improve the energy density of the symmetrical supercapacitors. Compared to aqueous electrolyte (1 M of Na 2SO 4 in H 2O), the energy density of supercapacitors tripled in Et 4NBF 4 electrolyte, and further increased by six times in LiClO 4 electrolyte. The long-term cycling performance in different electrolytes was examined and the morphology changes of the electrode materials were also studied. The good electrochemical performance in both aqueous and organic electrolytes indicates that the MnO 2-CNT-sponge is a promising low-cost electrode for energy storage systems. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
SponsorsThe authors wish to thank the Imaging and Characterization Core Facility and the Analytical Chemistry Core Laboratory for their support. W. C. acknowledges support from the KAUST Graduate Fellowship. H. A. acknowledges the support from KAUST baseline fund.
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry