Controlled synthesis of the tricontinuous mesoporous material IBN-9 and its carbon and platinum derivatives
KAUST DepartmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Imaging and Characterization Core Lab
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Chemical Science Program
Advanced Nanofabrication, Imaging and Characterization Core Lab
Nanostructured Functional Materials (NFM) laboratory
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AbstractControlled synthesis of mesoporous materials with ultracomplicated pore configurations is of great importance for both fundamental research of nanostructures and the development of novel applications. IBN-9, which is the only tricontinuous mesoporous silica with three sets of interpenetrating three-dimensional channel systems, appears to be an excellent model mesophase for such study. The extensive study of synthesis space diagrams proves mesophase transition among the cylindrical MCM-41, tricontinuous IBN-9 and bicontinuous MCM-48, and also allows a more precise control of phase-pure synthesis. On the other hand, rational design of structure-directing agents offers a possibility to extend the synthesis conditions of IBN-9, as well as tailor its pore size. Moreover, an unprecedented helical structure consisting of twisted 3-fold interwoven mesoporous channels is reported here for the first time. The unique tricontinuous mesostructure of IBN-9 has been well-replicated by other functional materials (e.g., carbon and platinum) via a "hard- templating" synthesis route. The obtained carbon material possesses large surface area (∼1900 m2/g), high pore volume (1.56 cm 3/g), and remarkable gas adsorption capability at both cryogenic temperatures and room temperature. The platinum material has an ordered mesostructure composed of highly oriented nanocrystals. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
SponsorsThis work was supported by the Collaboration Travel Fund from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, the Swedish Research Council (VR), the Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA), and the Goran Gustafsson Foundation. Y.H. thanks Dr. Leng Leng Chng for developing the synthetic routes for the surfactants.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
JournalChemistry of Materials