Synthesis of cis - and trans-diisothiocyanato-bis(NHC) complexes of nickel(II) and applications in the Kumada-Corriu reaction
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
Chemical Science Program
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/561521
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AbstractMetathetical reaction of AgSCN with a series of trans-dihalido-bis(carbene) nickel(II) complexes in CH3CN readily afforded the novel diisothiocyanato-bis(carbene) complexes [Ni(NCS)2(NHC)2] (trans-2a, NHC = 1,3-diisopropylbenzimidazolin-2-ylidene; trans-2b, NHC = 1,3-diisobutylbenzimidazolin-2-ylidene; trans-2c, NHC = 1,3- dibenzylbenzimidazolin-2-ylidene; cis-2d, NHC = 1,3-di(2-propenyl) benzimidazolin-2-ylidene; cis-2e, NHC = 1-propyl-3-methylbenzimidazolin-2- ylidene) as greenish-yellow powders in moderate to good yields. While dihalido-bis(carbene) Ni(II) complexes exclusively form trans-complexes, a trans-cis isomerization occurs upon halido-isothiocyanato exchange with complexes bearing less bulky carbene ligands, i.e., cis-2d/e. DFT calculations indicated that this isomerization can be attributed to a reduced energy difference between trans- and cis-isomers of diisothiocyanato complexes. All complexes have been characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, ESI mass spectrometry, and X-ray diffraction analysis. A catalytic study revealed that cis-complexes generally exhibit greater activities in the Kumada-Corriu coupling reaction. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
SponsorsFinancial support from National University of Singapore (WBS R-143-000-327-133) to H.V.H and KAUST baseline funding to K.-W.H. is acknowledged. Technical support from staff at the CMMAC of the NUS Chemistry Department is appreciated. R.J. thanks NUS for a research scholarship.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)