Bicarbonate transporters in corals point towards a key step in the evolution of cnidarian calcification
Voolstra, Christian R.
Casey, Joseph R
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Marine Science Program
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Online Publication Date2015-06-04
Print Publication Date2015-09
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/556700
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe bicarbonate ion (HCO3−) is involved in two major physiological processes in corals, biomineralization and photosynthesis, yet no molecular data on bicarbonate transporters are available. Here, we characterized plasma membrane-type HCO3− transporters in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata. Eight solute carrier (SLC) genes were found in the genome: five homologs of mammalian-type SLC4 family members, and three of mammalian-type SLC26 family members. Using relative expression analysis and immunostaining, we analyzed the cellular distribution of these transporters and conducted phylogenetic analyses to determine the extent of conservation among cnidarian model organisms. Our data suggest that the SLC4γ isoform is specific to scleractinian corals and responsible for supplying HCO3− to the site of calcification. Taken together, SLC4γ appears to be one of the key genes for skeleton building in corals, which bears profound implications for our understanding of coral biomineralization and the evolution of scleractinian corals within cnidarians.
CitationBicarbonate transporters in corals point towards a key step in the evolution of cnidarian calcification 2015, 5:9983 Scientific Reports
- Corals concentrate dissolved inorganic carbon to facilitate calcification.
- Authors: Allison N, Cohen I, Finch AA, Erez J, Tudhope AW, Edinburgh Ion Microprobe Facility.
- Issue date: 2014 Dec 22
- Molecular pathophysiology of SLC4 bicarbonate transporters.
- Authors: Romero MF
- Issue date: 2005 Sep
- Differential localization of ion transporters suggests distinct cellular mechanisms for calcification and photosynthesis between two coral species.
- Authors: Barott KL, Perez SO, Linsmayer LB, Tresguerres M
- Issue date: 2015 Aug 1
- Intracellular pH regulation: characterization and functional investigation of H<sup>+</sup> transporters in Stylophora pistillata.
- Authors: Capasso L, Ganot P, Planas-Bielsa V, Tambutté S, Zoccola D
- Issue date: 2021 Mar 8
- Molecular evolution of calcification genes in morphologically similar but phylogenetically unrelated scleractinian corals.
- Authors: Wirshing HH, Baker AC
- Issue date: 2014 Aug