Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorArminjon, Mathieu
dc.contributor.authorPreissmann, Delphine
dc.contributor.authorChmetz, Florian
dc.contributor.authorDuraku, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorAnsermet, François
dc.contributor.authorMagistretti, Pierre J.
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-04T07:49:52Z
dc.date.available2015-06-04T07:49:52Z
dc.date.issued2015-05-26
dc.identifier.citationEmbodied memory: unconscious smiling modulates emotional evaluation of episodic memories 2015, 6 Frontiers in Psychology
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078
dc.identifier.pmid26074833
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00650
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/556228
dc.description.abstractSince Damasio introduced the somatic markers hypothesis in Damasio (1994), it has spread through the psychological community, where it is now commonly acknowledged that somatic states are a factor in producing the qualitative dimension of our experiences. Present actions are emotionally guided by those somatic states that were previously activated in similar experiences. In this model, somatic markers serve as a kind of embodied memory. Here, we test whether the manipulation of somatic markers can modulate the emotional evaluation of negative memories. Because facial feedback has been shown to be a powerful means of modifying emotional judgements, we used it to manipulate somatic markers. Participants first read a sad story in order to induce a negative emotional memory and then were asked to rate their emotions and memory about the text. Twenty-four hours later, the same participants were asked to assume a predetermined facial feedback (smiling) while reactivating their memory of the sad story. The participants were once again asked to fill in emotional and memory questionnaires about the text. Our results showed that participants who had smiled during memory reactivation later rated the text less negatively than control participants. However, the contraction of the zygomaticus muscles during memory reactivation did not have any impact on episodic memory scores. This suggests that manipulating somatic states modified emotional memory without affecting episodic memory. Thus, modulating memories through bodily states might pave the way to studying memory as an embodied function and help shape new kinds of psychotherapeutic interventions.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.relation.urlhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/Article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00650/abstract
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectreconsolidation
dc.subjectfacial feedback hypothesis
dc.subjectembodied cognition
dc.subjectmemory
dc.subjectsomatic markers
dc.titleEmbodied memory: unconscious smiling modulates emotional evaluation of episodic memories
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience Program
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Psychology
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionAgalma Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Psychiatric Neurosciences, Lausanne University Hospital Center, Lausanne, Switzerland
dc.contributor.institutionBrain Mind Institute, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
kaust.personMagistretti, Pierre J.
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-13T12:48:47Z


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
fpsyg-06-00650.pdf
Size:
401.7Kb
Format:
PDF
Description:
Main article

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record