Biotransformation of trace organic chemicals during groundwater recharge: How useful are first-order rate constants?
KAUST DepartmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Online Publication Date2015-05-29
Print Publication Date2015-08
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/556186
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis study developed relationships between the attenuation of emerging trace organic chemicals (TOrC) during managed aquifer recharge (MAR) as a function of retention time, system characteristics, and operating conditions using controlled laboratory-scale soil column experiments simulating MAR. The results revealed that MAR performance in terms of TOrC attenuation is primarily determined by key environmental parameters (i.e. redox, primary substrate). Soil columns with suboxic and anoxic conditions performed poorly (i.e. less than 30% attenuation of moderately degradable TOrC) in comparison to oxic conditions (on average between 70-100% attenuation for the same compounds) within a residence time of three days. Given this dependency on redox conditions, it was investigated if key parameter-dependent rate constants are more suitable for contaminant transport modeling to properly capture the dynamic TOrC attenuation under field-scale conditions. Laboratory-derived first-order removal kinetics were determined for 19 TOrC under three different redox conditions and rate constants were applied to MAR field data. Our findings suggest that simplified first-order rate constants will most likely not provide any meaningful results if the target compounds exhibit redox dependent biotransformation behavior or if the intention is to exactly capture the decline in concentration over time and distance at field-scale MAR. However, if the intention is to calculate the percent removal after an extended time period and subsurface travel distance, simplified first-order rate constants seem to be sufficient to provide a first estimate on TOrC attenuation during MAR.
CitationBiotransformation of trace organic chemicals during groundwater recharge: How useful are first-order rate constants? 2015 Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
JournalJournal of Contaminant Hydrology
- The role of microbial adaptation and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon on the attenuation of trace organic chemicals during groundwater recharge.
- Authors: Hoppe-Jones C, Dickenson ER, Drewes JE
- Issue date: 2012 Oct 15
- Role of primary substrate composition and concentration on attenuation of trace organic chemicals in managed aquifer recharge systems.
- Authors: Alidina M, Li D, Ouf M, Drewes JE
- Issue date: 2014 Nov 1
- Investigating the role for adaptation of the microbial community to transform trace organic chemicals during managed aquifer recharge.
- Authors: Alidina M, Li D, Drewes JE
- Issue date: 2014 Jun 1
- Introducing sequential managed aquifer recharge technology (SMART) - From laboratory to full-scale application.
- Authors: Regnery J, Wing AD, Kautz J, Drewes JE
- Issue date: 2016 Jul
- Biotransformation of trace organic chemicals in the presence of highly refractory dissolved organic carbon.
- Authors: Hellauer K, Martínez Mayerlen S, Drewes JE, Hübner U
- Issue date: 2019 Jan